Budapest (Hungarian pronunciation approximates to “boo-dah-pesht”) is the capital city of Hungary. With a unique, youthful atmosphere, a world-class classical music scene as well as a pulsating night life increasingly appreciated among European youth and, last but not least, an exceptionally rich offering of natural thermal baths, Budapest is one of Europe’s most delightful and enjoyable cities. Due to its scenic setting and its architecture it is nicknamed “Paris of the East”.In 1987 Budapest was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List for the cultural and architectural significance of the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue.Modern Budapest is the result of a historic amalgamation of the separate cities of Buda and Pest (as well as the smaller and more distant abuda), and it is still typical to refer a restaurant on the “Buda side” or “living in Pest”. Administratively, the city is also divided into 23 numbered districts.Budapest is the economic, historic, and cultural capital of Hungary, with approximately 2 million inhabitants and approximately 2.7 million visitors per year. Hungarians are proud of what their beautiful capital has to offer and of its contributions to European culture. They also take pride in their unique language which is very different from all other European languages.While Buda has been the capital of Hungary – or that of the Osman-occupied territory – for the better part of a millennium, it has become a grand cosmopolitan city during the country’s fast industrialisation in the late nineteenth century. The population of 2.1 million in 1989 decreased formally due to suburbanization.The first settlement on the territory of Budapest is accounted to Celtic tribes. During the first century AD, the Roman fortification on the territory of present-day abuda (now part of Budapest) gradually developed into the town of Aquincum which became the capital city of the province of Lower Pannonia in AD 106. In the beginning Acquincum was only a Roman military settlement and then it gradually turned into a civil settlement. It was the main centre of the Pannonian Region, becoming the most important commercial point. Nowadays the area that was covered by Acquincum corresponds to the abuda district within Budapest. Acquincum is the main and the well conserved Roman archaeological site in Hungary. It was turned into a museum with inside and open-air sections. The Roman Ruins in Aquincum have been dated around the II and III century (a.d.). The archaeologists during the excavation works brought back to light a lot of objects and monuments. In the past the city had paved streets and lavish houses with fountains, courtyards and pavements in mosaic. At the north-west of the ruins is the civil amphitheatre in which are still visible the cells in which the lions were kept during the gladiators fights. The capacity of this structure was about 16,000 people. The Romans even founded a fortress known as Contra Aquincum on the other side of the river which is assumed to have developed into the later town of Pest. This was part of the Limes, marking the eastern border of the empire, and was gradually given up by Rome during the early fourth century, becoming part of the Hun empire for a few decades. (Modern historical research does not associate the Huns with Hungarians, albeit even the name of the latter expresses this once popular idea.) Once the horse-riding Magyar (Hungarian) tribes arrived in the Carpathian Basin in 896AD, abuda served as the seat of the Magyar high-chieftain (or prince) arpád.After a century marked by frequent raids on Christian western Europe, (prince) almos realised that converting to Christianity is the key to survival in Europe. The Christian Kingdom of Hungary was founded by the crowning of his son, Szt. István (Saint Stephan) on 1 January 1001 (or possibly Christmas day of 1000). As visitors will quickly realise, Saint Stephan became an omnipresent national symbol, as did the artefact known as Saint Stephen’s Crown (the Holy Crown of Hungary) which was regarded as a legal entity de jure equivalent to the country itself during medieval times. It is still unclear whether the millennium-old crown used in this function for many centuries and shown in the Parliament today, was already used by St. Stephen. In the following centuries Buda emerged as the most important royal seat.In 1241/42 the Mongol Empire conquered the territory along with large parts of Europe – this short but devastating conquest of the country is still remembered as Tatárjárás – the name reflecting the erroneous confusion of Mongols and Tatars at the time. Medieval Hungary reached its zenith under King Matthias (Matthias Corvinus), the vividly remembered renaissance ruler whose patronage of arts and sciences made Hungary, a notable power at the time, the first European country which adopted the renaissance from Italy. However, after residing in Buda for decades, he moved his seat to Vienna in 1485 for the last five years of his life after defeating the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III.In 1541, Buda and Pest fell to the Ottoman Empire. The Habsburg Empire, centred in Austria, conquered the country on its way to becoming a major European power in 1686. Marks of these two cultures are still part of everyday life in Budapest. The Turks, under their occupation, constructed many thermal baths and some of them are still in function nowadays (Rudas and Király). The citizens of Budapest customarily frequent these baths to this day. After the Anti-Habsburg revolution in 1848 49 (defeated through the decisive help of the Russian Czar) the 1867 Compromise (Kiegyezís) with a weakened Vienna made Buda the capital of a near-autonomous Hungary, a large, multi-ethnic Kingdom comprising half of the newly created Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary. In this peculiar double-state the Monarch was emperor and king ,respectively, of these two rather autonomous realms. The following half century marked by peaceful development counts among the most successful times in the history of the country as well as its capital. With the 1873 unification of Buda, Pest, and abuda, the city of Budapest was officially created. The two parts of the city were already connected by the first permanent bridge across the Danube since 1849 when was inaugurated the magnificent Chain Bridge. It saw a leap in terms of industrialisation, urbanisation, and the development of a capitalistic society as well as population. It even aimed at rivalling with Vienna – the Millennium in 1896, marking a thousand year of Hungary, offered the perfect excuse for large-scale projects such as the Parliament, Vajdahunyad Castle, or the Grand Boulevard (Nagykarut) – Budapest transformed to a world city during these decades, enriched by Austrian, Jewish, Slovakian, Serbian, Croatian Roma and other cultural influence. This age is remembered as the ‘Monarchia’ (or as ‘K. u. K.’ – abbreviation for Imperial-Royal – in Austria, and other parts of the Empire) and associated with the rule of Franz Joseph I. (I. Ferenc József) who died in 1916 after 68 years on the throne. Neither the Habsburg empire nor Hungary survived World War I in their previous form – leaving Budapest as the capital of a now formally independent Hungary which lost two thirds of its territories and most of its ethnicities, as well as a few million Hungarian speakers, to neighbouring countries. The city’s population reached one million around 1930. During the interwar years under the rule of regent Miklós Horthy, a former Admiral of the Austro-Hungarian fleet, Hungary became an ally of Germany. Near the end of World War II, nazi Germany occupied Hungary after it attempted to negotiate separate peace with the Allies, and eventually installed a bloody dictatorship putting the hitherto fairly unimportant nazi Nyilaskeresztes (Arrowcross) party in charge. While practically all of 400,000 Jews on the countryside were murdered by German nazis and their Hungarian nyilas sympathizers, roughly 60% of Budapest’s Jewish community was saved during the Holocaust. People we keep in our memory for helping the local Jewish community include Raoul Wallenberg, the famous Swedish diplomat, who organised the distribution of Swedish passports by his Embassy to as many Jews as possible, and the Italian Giorgio Perlasca, who – pretending to be a Spanish diplomat – rescued many thousand Jews.Air raids and a terrible three-month siege towards the end of World War II resulted in the death of over 38,000 civilians and destruction of much of the once lively city.After the war, Budapest slowly recovered and became a showcase for the more pragmatic policies of Hungary’s hard-line Communist government under the dictatorial rule of Mátyás Rákosi. The city was, however, also the main site of the 1956 uprising which was successful in installing a reform-oriented (albeit communist) government of Imre Nagy. This was swept away before long, as the Soviet leader Khrushchev felt Hungary slipping from Moscow’s rule. The Soviets installed János Kádár as the leader of the communist state who, after over thirty years of controversial rule, was elected out of leadership 1988 by the central committee due to health issues. Kádár died of 1989. One of the most dramatic historical events of the country was the October 23, 1956 uprising. This uprising lasted until November 11 of the same year. During the revolution, more than 2000 Hungarians lost their lives. A monument erected in 2006 commemorates this tragic event. The monument is in Iron and wood, and is found at the edge of City park. It symbolizes the Hungarian forces that eradicated the communist dictatorship. Since the peaceful 1989 ‘system change’ (Rendszerváltás) which was achieved as a compromise between reformist party forces and the opposition (notably including a younger self of the current PM, Viktor Orbán), Budapest transformed in appearance and atmosphere, a process further accelerated by the country’s long-awaited joining to the European Union in 2004.Visitors will notice that (except for touristy attractions and restaurants), many items cost less in Hungary than in Western Europe. Hungarian salaries are lower also, to the extent that when compared to income, the relative cost of living is actually quite high. Unemployment is also high, and many people are employed in low-paying jobs, so a higher proportion of the population has difficulty making ends meet. Even university-educated middle class citizens with “good” jobs generally have less disposable income for luxuries and conveniences than their counterparts in Western Europe.For Hungarians who can afford it, and for visitors who earn their money in wealthier countries, Budapest offers everything that other modern cities can offer in terms of accommodations, entertainment, shopping, and culture. Tourist attractions, restaurants, and accommodations generally charge prices on par or slightly below similar places in Western Europe (since visitors can afford to pay and prices seem reasonable by their standards).The climate of Budapest is continental with cold winters and warm summers. Budapest has one of the highest difference between the highest and lowest recorded temperatures as the record high is 40º°C (104º°F) and the record low is -25º°C (-14º°F). The coldest months are from November to March with January being the coldest one with the average low and high being -4º°C (25º°F) and 1º°C (33º°F) respectively. Winters are also cloudy with an average of only 48 monthly sunshine hours on average in December. Temperatures at around -15º°C (5º°F) aren’t uncommon during this part of the year. Snowfalls happen many times annually with as much as 20-40 cm falling in a single day. Summers on the other hand are pretty warm with the average 24-hour high in July being 20.8º°C (69.4º°F) similar to cities like Vienna or Bratislava to the east. Temperatures above 30º°C (86º°F) are common and they can occasionally reach 35º°C (95º°F) during heat waves. Summer is also the rainiest part of the year.Most travellers will arrive via Budapest Franz Liszt International Airport (IATA: BUD), (Budapest Liszt Ferenc Nemzetkazi Repa¼lÅ‘tír). It is also possible to fly to airports in Debrecen, Sármellík, GyÅ‘r-Pír and Pícs-Pogány. Liszt Ferenc airport, also commonly referred to by the old name Ferihegy, is Hungary’s largest airport and it is located about 16km (10 miles) southeast of the city centre. It is a small airport by international standards, easy to navigate, and well connected to the city by public transit. Tickets will direct visitors to either terminal “2A” (gates 20-30, Schengen-area destinations) or “2B” (gates 11-19, non-Schengen-area destinations), but the airport is now only one terminal and 2A and 2B simply refer to two halves of the same building. The signs point to separate security entrances for 2A or 2B but both lead to the same post-security area, so in practice, travellers can easily use either entrance, especially if line-ups are longer at one than the other. Behind security, there are typical airport shops and services, including duty-free stores operated by Heinemann, luxury brand shops, fast-food stops, restaurants, and cafes.Budapest is well connected to cities throughout Europe, mainly through low-cost airlines like Ryanair and Wizzair. The number of direct long-haul flights is increasing as tourism in Budapest becomes increasingly popular.LOT Polish Airlines now operates a non-stop flight to Chicago, USA (ORD), using brand new Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft.Public transport. The main public transit connection from the airport to the city is to take bus 200E [42] from the airport to metro M3 (blue line) end station ‘KÅ‘bánya-Kispest’ (~25 minutes). From 6 April 2019 the 200E is operating non-stop, day and night, on an extended route between the Airport and Nagyvárad tír (~35 minutes), while the M3 line is being refurbished. Between KÅ‘bánya-Kispest and Nagyvárad tír, it also stops at Határ ut and Nípliget. Then to continue within the metro system (~20-30 minutes to city centre from KÅ‘bánya-Kispest, ~10 minutes from Nagyvárad tír).One public transport ticket for each leg. (See Get Around for ticket information.) The route is well marked with signs and the bus runs frequently. The bus stops almost right next to the metro stop, but be prepared to carry luggage up or down some stairs. Bus 100E [43] is temporary suspended from 1 April 2020.This is a special fare airport shuttle bus that operates directly between ‘Deák Ferenc tír’ in the Pest city center and ‘Liszt Ferenc Airport Terminal 2’ (~40 minutes) every 20 minutes. Tickets costs HUF 900 (approx. 3 EUR) at BKK customer centers, cash desks and automated ticket machines. 100E buses have a special design to make them easy to recognize and you validate your ticket in the machine next to the driver. These buses also stop at ‘Astoria’ and ‘Kálvin tír’ in the city center of Pest each way. These special fare buses operate from 03:40 a.m. – 01:40 a.m. from ‘Deák Ferenc tír’ and 5 a.m. – 01:20 a.m. every day from the airport. It is also possible to take the 200E bus to the local Ferihegy train station and continue on the MAV network to Nyugati station in Budapest or other rail destinations. Taxi. The only contracted taxi operator from Liszt Ferenc airport is FÅ‘taxi [44]. They have a kiosk outside the arrivals hall where you tell the dispatcher your destination and give you a ticket to give to your taxi. Depending on your destination, the cost for a trip to Budapest will range from 5,000 to 10,000 HUF. (Taxis now universally cost 450 HUF base price and 280 HUF for every kilometer. The inner city is around 20 kilometers from Terminal 2.) Some additional taxi company:Official shuttle MiniBUD.hu From 2016, official shuttle services are operated by MiniBUD Ltd. One-way fares range from 1900 to 6500 HUF, depending on destination within Budapest.Private transfer ATB Airport Transfer Budapest is a private airport transfer company based and developed in Budapest, specialized in meet and greet and door-to-door transfer services from Budapest Airport, Budapest cruise port, Budapest train stations to Budapest city (hotels and private address), and to any other destinations.Trains connect Budapest with almost all countries in central and eastern Europe. The main railway stations (pályaudvar) are Keleti pályaudvar (Eastern Railway Station), Díli pályaudvar (Southern Railway Station) and Nyugati pályaudvar (Western Railway Station). All are well connected to the metro system. Most international trains arrive at Keleti, but check your particular itinerary.Hungary s national bus network is operated by Volán Association [46]. If you arrive to Budapest from another Hungarian city, bus is often the best option. International bus routes are operated by Eurolines +36-1 318-2122 [47]. Most connections run two or three times a week

Airport: BUD Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport Cities in Honduras

Country: Hungary