The most famous museums in London that shows many topics, from art, archaeology and science. A must have to know if you travel to London.

British Museum

The oldest public museum in the world, the British Museum was established in 1753 to house the collections of the physician Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753).

Sloane’s artifacts have been added to by gifts and purchases from all over the world, and the museum now contains innumerable items stretching from the present day to prehistory. Robert Smirke designed the main part of the building (1823-50), but the architectural highlight is the modern Great Court, with the world-famous Reading Room at its center, opened by the Queen in 2000. The 94 galleries which run for more than 2 miles (4 km), cover civilizations from ancient Assyria to modern Japan.

Science Museum

Centuries of scientific and technological development are illustrated and explained at the
Science Museum – from Ancient Greek and Roman medicine to space exploration and nuclear fission.

The massive and impressive collection. exhibited on five floors. includes steam engines,
spacecraft, and early mechanical computers. The museum aims to bring entertainment to
the process of learning, with numerous interactive displays for children and staff on hand
to provide explanations. Of equal importance is the social context of science: how inventions have transformed day-to-day life and the process of discovery itself.

The best of the displays are Flight,” which gives visitors the opportunity to experiment
with aeronautical concepts and “Launch Pad.” designed to give 7 to 13-year-olds a knowledge of basic scientific principles.

A plasma ball is one of many hands-on exhibits. The Exploration of Space exhibits the scarred Apollo 10 spacecraft which carried three astronauts to the moon and back in May 1969. There is also a video of the Apollo 11 moon landing a few weeks later. More down-to-earth, but just as absorbing. is “Food for Thought.” which reveals the impact of science and technology on every aspect of diet. explored through demonstrations and historic reconstructions. such as an 18th-century kitchen.

Other popular sections include “Optics.” which has holograms, lasers, and color mixing experiments, and Power and Land Transport.” which displays working steam engines. Vintage trains cars. and motorbikes.
The Welcome Wing is devoted to contemporary science and technology Antenna is constantly updated exhibition devoted to the latest scientific breakthroughs.
“Pattern Pod” introduces youngest children to the patterns of science in a fun and colorful way “Digitopolis” explores Our relationship with digital technology including virtual reality.

Natural History Museum

This vast cathedral-like building. designed by Alfred Waterhouse. is the most architecturally flamboyant of the South Kensington museums. Its richly sculpted stonework conceals an iron and steel frame This building technique Was revolutionary when the museum first opened in 1881. The imaginative displays tackle fundamental issues such as the ecology and evolution of planet, the origin of species and the development of human beings – all explained through a dynamic combination of the latest technology.

The museum is divided into three sections: the Life and Earth Galleries and the Darwin Centre. In the Life Galleries, the Ecology exhibition begins its exploration of the complex web of the natural world, and man’s role in it, through a Convincing replica of a rainforest. The most popular exhibits are in the Dinosaur section which has real dinosaur skeletons and life-like animatronics. “Creepy Crawlies. with specimens from the insect and spider world, and the Mammals exhibition, enable visitors to see endangered and dangerous creatures. The Earth Galleries explore the history of Earth and its wealth of natural resources,

Victoria and Albert Museum

Originally founded in 1852 as a Museum of Manufacturing – to inspire and raise standards among students of design – the V&A, as it is popularly known, has 11 km 7 miles) of galleries on four floors. The museum Was renamed by Queen Victoria in 1899, in memory of her late husband, and Contains one of the world’s richest collections of fine and applied arts. Since 1909 the museum has been housed in a building designed by Sir Aston Webb. The museum has undergone a dramatic restructuring of much of its collection and gallery spaces, alongside a grand development of the central Pirelli Garden.

Donatello’s marlble reliet of 7he Ascenson Is included in the Sculpture collection along with sculptures from India and the MIddle and Far East. Craftsmanship and porcelain, glass, and pottery is displayed on leves 4 and 6, With rare pieces by Picasso and Bernard Leach intricate Near Eastern tiles and a wide selection of Chinese pieces. The most celebrated item in the vast array of furniture is the Great Bed of Ware, made around 1590. The Victorian designers who decorated the plush Morris, Gamble, and Poynter Rooms recreated historic styles with newer industrial materials. The fully furnished interiors offer a Vivid picture of social life through their displays of furniture and other domestic objects. Among exhibits in the 20th-Century Gallery is Daniel Weil’s painting Radio in a Bag (1983). The V&A has a wide collection of musical instruments and metalwork, including a 16th-century salt cellar, the Burgbley Nef. The Silver gallery also explores the history and techniques of silvermaking

Museum of London

This museum traces life in London from prehistoric times to the 20th century. Objects from Roman London include a brightly colored 2nd-century fresco, while from the Tudor city an example of an early English delft plate, made in 1602 at Aldgate, bears an inscription praising Elizabeth I. The 17th-century section contains the shirt Charles II
Wore on the scaffold, and an audio-visual display recreating the Great Fire of 1666. A dress in Spitalfields silk, dating from 1753, is among the many fine Costumes on display. One of the most popular exhibits is the lavishly gilded Lord Mayor’s State Coach, built in 1757 and still used for the Lord Mayor’s Show held in November each year.

Tate Modern

One of the world’s most important collections of 20th century art now has a worthy home in this imposing former power station with its vast, cathedral-like spaces. Originally designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, the architect of London’s red telephone kiosks, the huge Bankside building had been disused since 1981, when it was acquired by the Tate Gallery in 2000. Swiss architects were responsible for the building’s redesign, which allows the works of art to be displayed in a dynamic style. Unusually, the permanent collection is exhibited in four themed groups: poetry and dream, idea and object. states of flux and material gestures.
The paintings and sculptures embrace Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimal and Conceptual Art. Major works include Picasso’s The Three Dancers, Dalí’s The Metamorphosis of Narcissus, and Andy Warhols Mariyn Diptych. There are also temporary exhibitions of Works by lesser known artists. and by more controversial newcomers. At the top of the building are two new floors. enclosed in glass. One is a restaurant with superb views. Natural light filters down to the upper galleries.

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